Eye Health – Cataract
Cataracts are cloudy areas that occur in the lens of the eye. Basically, there are four kinds of cataracts: childhood cataracts, cataracts that are related to the aging process, secondary cataracts, and traumatic cataracts. Childhood cataracts occur when a child is born or shortly after birth. Age related eye concerns occur later on in life and secondary cataracts develop due to certain medical conditions such as diabetes, being exposed to radiation or being exposed to toxic substances.
Cataracts occur when protein builds up in the lens of the eyes and makes vision cloudy. When this happens, light cannot pass clearly through the lens and this causes a loss of vision.
There are certain symptoms with cataracts such as: vision that is cloudy or blurry, nearsightedness that becomes worse with age, problem when driving at night, problems with glare during the day, double vision and consistent changes in prescription glasses.
Cataracts are diagnosed with an eye exam and your pupils will be dilated so that your doctor can exam the condition of the lens and other areas of your eyes.
Cataracts are treated several ways. If one’s vision can be corrected with a change in prescription, this may stop the need for surgery. If; however one’s vision does not improve with a change in glasses, and if the cataracts interfere with one’s daily life, then cataract surgery may be needed.
Cataract surgery is often conducted on an outpatient basis and is quite successful in giving a patient good vision. As of this time, cataracts cannot be prevented but the risk of getting cataracts is higher if a person develops diabetes. Cataract surgery costs depend on the health of one’s eyes, your location and the surgeon who will be performing eye surgery on you. A lens implant may also be a part of cataract surgery. Vision problems, particularly cataracts, can be evaluated by an optometrist, an ophthalmologist, a physician assistant or a nurse practitioner.
If you decide that your cataract is affecting your vision such as when driving, reading or doing your daily work, contact your optometrist or ophthalmologist for information on cataract surgery. Visit this eye care site Learning More About Cataract Treatments.
Watch live surgery using the the laser cataract system – how does it work?